Roche announced that the European Medicines Agency’s (EMA) Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) has recommended the approval of Tecentriq® (atezolizumab) as an adjuvant treatment, following complete resection and platinum-based chemotherapy, for adults with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a high risk of recurrence whose tumours express PD-L1≥50% and who do not have EGFR mutant or ALK-positive NSCLC.
A final decision regarding the approval of Tecentriq in this setting is expected from the European Commission in the near future.
Levi Garraway, M.D., Ph.D., Roche’s Chief Medical Officer and Head of Global Product Development, said:
The goal of treating early-stage cancers is to provide the best chance for a cure. Today’s announcement brings hope that, after a decade of limited treatment advances, many people in Europe with early non-small cell lung cancer will soon have a new treatment option to reduce the risk of their disease returning.
Anne-Marie Baird, President of Lung Cancer Europe (LuCE), said:
For approximately half of all people diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer, their disease will return at some point after surgery, and in some cases they will then be living with incurable metastatic cancer. Given what we are now seeing in the early-stage space, it is vital that biomarker testing is not only confined to Stage IV disease. Testing for biomarkers at diagnosis will help to identify people who may benefit from new adjuvant treatments to help reduce disease recurrence.
The recommendation from the CHMP is based on results from the DFS interim analysis of the Phase III IMpower study. The results showed treatment with Tecentriq, following complete resection and platinum-based chemotherapy, reduced the risk of disease recurrence or death (DFS) by 57%. A DFS benefit was consistently seen across most subgroups including histology or stage of disease with adjuvant Tecentriq, compared with BSC. Overall survival (OS) data for patients with PD-L1 high resectable Stage II-IIIA NSCLC, and who do not have EGFR mutant or ALK-positive disease are immature and were not formally tested at the DFS interim analysis, however, a trend towards OS improvement with Tecentriq was seen, with a HR of 0.36 (95% CI: 0.17-0.75). Follow-up will continue with planned analyses of more mature OS data later this year. Safety data for Tecentriq were consistent with its known safety profile and no new safety signals were identified.
Tecentriq has shown clinically meaningful benefit in various types of lung cancer, with six currently approved indications in countries around the world. It was the first approved cancer immunotherapy for the first-line treatment of adults with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in combination with carboplatin and etoposide (chemotherapy). Tecentriq also has four approved indications in NSCLC as either a single agent or in combination with targeted therapies and/or chemotherapies. Tecentriq is available in three dosing options, providing the flexibility to choose administration every two, three or four weeks.
To date, Tecentriq has been approved in 14 countries, including the US and China, as an adjuvant treatment, following complete resection and chemotherapy, for adults with Stage II-IIIA (UICC/AJCC 7th edition) NSCLC whose tumours express PD-L1≥1%. In three countries, including Canada and the UK, Tecentriq has been approved as adjuvant treatment following complete resection and chemotherapy for adult patients with Stage II to IIIA (UICC/AJCC 7th edition) NSCLC whose tumours have PD-L1 expression on ≥50% of tumour cells.
If approved, Tecentriq will be the first cancer immunotherapy available in Europe as an adjuvant treatment, following complete resection and platinum-based chemotherapy, for adults with a high risk of recurrence whose tumours express PD-L1≥50% and who do not have EGFR mutant or ALK-positive NSCLC.